Our NW Calgary dental office (Hillhurst/Kensington) is dedicated to you and your entire family’s dental care. We always strive to provide personalized dental treatment in a warm, welcoming and comfortable environment. It would be our privilege to be your lifelong partner in your dental health.
Our dentist in Calgary always strives to provide timely, efficient emergency dental care that fits your and your family's busy schedule. Evening and week-end emergency dental appointments are available to deal with any dental emergency you may be experiencing. Call us now, we're here to help.
We want your dental visit with us to be as stress-free and convenient as possible at our Calgary dental office. That’s why we offer you direct dental insurance billing and are happy to always assist you in any way we can with your insurance issues. It's just another way we always put our patients first.
For over 25 years, our focus has been on providing patient-centered dental care at our modern northwest Calgary dental clinic in the heart of beautiful Kensington. Whether it be for an emergency dental visit, cosmetic dentistry, sedation or implant dentistry, or a dental cleaning in Calgary, Dr. Dirk Thompson, a general dentist, and his team always strive to provide you the highest quality dental care and to exceed your expectations at every visit. Call us at 403.283.4252 for your dental appointment today!
With same-day regular and emergency dental appointments, week-end and evening appointments and a convenient NW Calgary location in the heart of Kensington/Hillhurst-Sunnyside, our dedicated Calgary dentist and dental professionals are committed to helping patients keep their natural teeth healthy and beautiful for a lifetime.
Our vision is to provide a dental experience that will inspire trust and confidence. That's why our Calgary dentist, together with his dedicated team of dental hygienists and dental assistants, strive to always provide personalized, gentle and comprehensive general, cosmetic, sedation and restorative dentistry, all in a friendly, compassionate and welcoming environment.
We know that a great dental experience takes more than just great dentistry. That's why we always try to go that extra mile to make your dental visit welcoming, comfortable and convenient by providing flexible appointment times, direct dental insurance billing, massage dental chairs, cozy blankets, an awesome toy box for your kids, as well as a beverage and snack centre.
When you choose Advance Your Health Dental for your and family's dental care, you can be assured that our Calgary dentist and dental team always strive to ensure that your treatment is comfortable,
efficient and exceeds all of your expectations. We also realize that dentistry is an investment in your health so we always strive to be mindful of your budget, while also offering to direct bill your
dental insurer, where possible. Our goal is to meet all of your preventative, cosmetic and restorative dental needs at our NW Calgary dentist office so that you can enjoy the benefits of a healthy smile in one convenient Calgary dental
office location. If you have any questions about our dental services in Calgary, including sedation dentistry, emergency dental care, root canals, dental crowns, implant dentistry, cosmetic dentistry, dental cleanings, teeth whitening and
teeth and wisdom teeth extraction, please do not hesitate to contact us at 403.283.4252.
Let's make your smile last a lifetime!
Tooth pain? Broken tooth? Swelling? These are all dental emergencies that require immediate attention. Call us now, our Calgary dental team has same-day emergency dental appointments available and is here to help.
Cosmetic dentistry aims to enhance the appearance of your smile while complementing your overall health. Whether it's teeth whitening, crowns, veneers or complete smile makeovers, we can help you choose a treatment plan that's best for you.
Anxiety prevents many people from receiving the dental care they need. Our Calgary sedation dentistry services can help alleviate your dental anxiety, removing the barrier to a healthier you.
Dental implants are the most permanent option to help restore the beauty and optimal function, feeling and appearance of your smile. Ask us about our complimentary dental implant consultations.
Prevention is the key to dental health and we're committed to ensuring that you play an active and informed role in this very important aspect of your overall health. With a patient-centred approach, our priority is to take the time to listen and address all of your dental concerns.
Our dentist offers both in-office teeth whitening as well as take-home kits. Both types of whitening can brighten your teeth by multiple shades. Ask about which type of whitening may be best for you at your next dental or dental hygiene appointment.
We understand that going to the dentist's office can be stressful for children. Our goal is to always make your child comfortable and happy (yes happy!) to be a part of their oral health care and prepare them for a lifetime of strong, healthy and happy smiles.
A root canal is one of the most common dental procedures performed. This relatively simple treatment can save your natural teeth and prevent the need for dental implants or bridges.
Dental crowns and bridges replace missing or damaged teeth. At our dental clinic, we create beautiful, natural-looking crown restorations that look, feel and function like your natural teeth.
Although dentists always try to save your natural tooth whenever possible, sometimes there is no other option due to the extent of tooth damage, decay or crowding, which is often the case with wisdom teeth. For patients with dental anxiety, we offer dental extractions with sedation.
If your child suffers a knocked out tooth from a sports injury or other traumatic event, if it is a permanent (adult) tooth, the tooth may be able to be saved if quick action is taken. Saving the tooth, however, is not guaranteed. If the tooth is a baby tooth, even if the tooth is due to fall out naturally within a short period of time, you should bring your child to your emergency calgary dentist promptly for an assessment of other possible damage and to ensure there are no parts of the root left in the socket. Here are some steps to be taken if you or your child has a knocked out pernanent tooth:
Although not all emergency dentistry concerns such as a knocked out tooth are predictable, for sports related dental injuries, wearing a sportsguard can significantly decrease the chances of incurring an injury to you or your child's jaw, teeth or mouth, thereby necessitating an emergency dental appointment with your Calgary dentist. Dr. Dirk Thompson, a Calgary dentist, can fabricate a custom sportsguard for you or your child in one easy and convenient visit.
If you or your family member is experiencing a dental emergency such as a knocked out tooth or any other emergency dentistry concern, please call Advance Your Health Dental as soon as possible as a prompt visit with your Calgary dentist can potentially increase the likelihood of a more favourable outcome. Call us today at 403.283.4252.
The answer to this question is a resounding yes! The health of your teeth and gums is particularly important during your pregnancy as your oral health can affect the health of your developing baby. You should attend at your Calgary dentist for regular dental hygiene appointments, as well as check-ups by your dentist.
If you do require dental treatment such as a filling or a root canal, discuss with your dentist the risk and benefits of proceeding with the dental treatment while you are pregnant versus after you have your baby. Also note that, according to the Government of Canada website, the best time to have dental work done while you are pregnant, if possible, is during your second trimester, or between the fourth and sixth month. Of course, if you are experiencing any dental pain, dental trauma or any other symptoms that would be considered to be a dental emergency, you should not hesitate to call your Calgary dentist immediately so that your situation may be assessed and your concerns attended to promptly.
If you have any questions about your oral health during your pregnancy, or if you are experiencing a dental emergency and require an emergency dentist appointment in Calgary, please call one of our friendly team members at 403.283.4252 and we would be happy to schedule an appointment for you at your convenience and answer all of your questions and concerns.
Absolutely! Even if you are not experiencing any dental symptoms and, even if you believe that you have no dental issues, it is still very important to attend at your dentist's office for both regular cleanings and check-ups. The frequency of these visits will depend upon your overall oral health. However, the goal of these visits is to avoid or minimize any dental issues before they become bigger ones.
At your dental check-up, our Calgary dentist will generally take x-rays (as may be required) and conduct a thorough dental examination. It is through x-rays and a visual examination that issues such as cavities, gum disease and even oral cancer can be detected as early as possible, earlier than you may be able to detect on your own. At your cleaning appointment, our dental hygienist will clean (scale) and polish your teeth, as well as apply fluoride, if you so choose. For many people, regular check-ups and cleanings are recommended every six months. However, as with any treatment plan, this varies from patient to patient depending upon their individual oral health needs and overall oral health.
At your dental and dental hygiene appointment, this is also a great opportunity to discuss any changes you have noticed to your oral health and any particular issues you may be experiencing or concerns you may have regarding your oral health. It is also an opportune time to have any of your other oral health related questions answered.
Your oral health is an integral aspect of your overall health and, as such, it should be regularly monitored by a dentist. In fact, many aspects of your oral have systemic affects on other aspects of your health, including your cardiovascular health, making your oral health care just as important as any other aspect of your overal health and wellbeing.
If you would like to make an appointment for a dental check-up or cleaning, we're here to help. Please call our office and we will be happy to answer any questions you may have and book your appointment at a time that is convenient for you.
We understand that choosing a dentist in Calgary is a very personal and important decision for you and your family. We are of the view that choosing a dentist is as important as choosing a family physician and care should be taken to ensure that your dentist is a good fit for you and your family. Your family dentist should be someone with whom you are comfortable, with whom you can openly and honestly communicate without feeling judged, someone who shares your oveall health philosophy, someone who motivates you to take care of your dental health, someone who encourages you to be proactive to avoid larger dental health issues and, if you have children, someone whom you children are happy to see (yes happy!).
When choosing a Calgary dentist who would be the best dentist suited for your particular needs and circumstances, we encourage you to speak with your family members, friends, co-workers and neighbours and ask for recommendations. If your mother says she likes her dentist, considering making an appointment at that dental office (it is said that mom always knows best!). You may also wish to search Google for whatever search criteria is important to you, such as a "dentist near me", or for whatever particular services you are seeking, such as cosmetic dentistry in Calgary, sedation dentistry, dental hygiene, oral surgery, veneers, crowns, or Calgary dental implants. You may also wish to review various dentists' website to determine if a particular dental office appears to be a good "fit" for your needs and preferences. Public websites such as the ADA&C and the American Dental Association also offer great resource material to help you choose the best dentist for your needs.
Many offices offer "meet and greet" sessions and we encourage you to take advantage of these services. Make a list of all of your questions and, if possible, bring along your dental records and x-rays. Don't forget to ask how that particular dental office deals with emergency dental situations, and what their after hours policy is in the event that you have a dental emergency when the dental office is closed.
To help you choose the best dentist for you and your family, we are pleased to offer meet and greet sessions at our Calgary dental office. We also offer dental implant, sedation and cosmetic dentistry consultations, to ensure that you are completely confident that you are making the right choice of a Calgary dentist for you and your family. It would be our privilege to gain your confidence as your dental health providers as we continue to strive to provide services that are friendly and comfortable and leave you with the reassurance that you have found the right dental home for you and your family. If you have any questions about our Calgary dental office, please call us at 403.283.4252.
Your and your family's dental health is as important as any other aspect of your overall health and well-being. In fact, your oral health truly is a window to your overall health as there have been many studies showing that your oral health can be a contributing factor to other health conditions such as endocarditis, cardiovascular disease, pregnancy and birth complications and even pneumonia (see Mayo Clinic). Your dental health needs also change through different stages of life, including childhood, teenage years, adults under 40, adults over 40 and adults over 60 and it is important to see your dentist to address different issues that may arise throughout these various life stages.
Your dentist is a healthcare provider who is trained to not only deal with issues regarding your teeth, but also your gums, jaw and face. Your dentist can help you address issues relating to your TMJ (temporomandibular joint), as well as other dental related issues that may be causing jaw, face and neck pain, as well as headaches. A dentist can also address concerns related to facial and smile aesthetics and help to detect oral cancers.
Your dentist will help to ensure that, no matter what your stage of your life, with regular dentist and dental hygiene visits, your optimal oral health can be both achieved and maintained. Your dentist can also help to identify any dental issues that may emerge before they become major dental problems that could require more extensive interventions and treatments and ultimately become more costly to you.
In order to maintain your optimal dental health, our Calgary dentist encourages twice yearly dental cleanings, as well as regular dental examinations and x-rays, as may be required from time to time.
Your dentist is also here to help you when you are experiencing a dental emergency. At our Calgary dentist office, we recommend that, if you believe you are experiencing a dental emergency, which emergency can include a dental abscess, facial trauma, significant swelling in the area of a tooth, gum, or jaw, the loss of a dental filling, or the loss of a tooth due to facial trauma, you call our dental office immediately to help you deal with your dental emergency quickly and safely.
It’s not uncommon for patients to feel some dental anxiety with the thought of going to the dentist. Unfortunately, if left unaddressed, dental anxiety can lead to more oral health problems. Here are some tips from our Calgary dentist to help you feel more at ease with your dental treatment:
Our goal is to ensure that you are completely comfortable, at ease and informed about your dental treatment at every visit. Call our Calgary dental office for more information or to schedule your dental appointment today.
The cost of dental implants in Calgary varies between dental offices. The cost may also vary depending upon whether a general dentist places the dental implant, or, whether you choose to see a dental specialist for the placement of one or more dental implants.
Additionally, the cost of dental implants in Calgary will vary depending upon your current dental health, whether you require a bone graft, the number of dental implants you require, and your final restoration choice. Depending upon your situation, you may require an implant retained denture or one or more implant crowns.
To help you better understand what the cost of a dental implant may be in Calgary as well as whether you would be a good candidate for a dental implant consultation, Dr. Dirk Thompson, our general Calgary dentist, would be pleased to answer all of your questions at a dental implant consultation. Call our office today to find out more and book your dental implant consultation today!
In the last few weeks, our Calgary dentist has had several dental patients ask if they can attend their dental appointments at our Calgary dental office if they are participating in the International Border Testing Pilot Program.
In this pilot program for some international travellers arriving in Alberta, participants will be allowed to quarantine for less time if they test negative for COVID-19 and commit to following specific public health and testing measures. However, our Calgary dental patients should be aware that this program has specific limitations regarding travellers visiting certain locations in Alberta, including healthcare facilities.
According to the Alberta government website, "pilot participants cannot work at or visit any setting where health care services are provided and where there are vulnerable people at risk for severe disease for 14 days." This means that, even if a pilot participant has tested negative for COVID-19, they still must wait at least 14 days from arriving in Alberta to seek dental treatment at any Calgary dentist office.
If the dental treatment is urgent or emergent, please call our dental office as alternative arrangements may be possible for either urgent dental treatment or emergency dental treatment.
There are additional restrictions and health and testing measures that all pilot participants are subject to. We encourage everyone who is a participant to read and be aware of all the conditions and limitations to this program.
These days, one glimpse at a drugstore shelf and it is apparent that there are a multitude of different types of toothpastes on today's market. There are toothpastes that claim to whiten your teeth, remove tartar, remove staining, decrease teeth sensitivity and repair enamel and gums, just to name a few of the toothpastes currently on the market. There are also different forms of toothpastes available, including gels, pastes and even tablets. Our Calgary dentist and our dental hygienists are often asked to make a recommendation regarding which toothpaste is best for their dental patients' overall oral health.
Generally, most of these different types and forms of toothpastes have some common ingredients, including an abrasive agent which helps to remove particles from your teeth, a detergent such as sodium lauryl sulfate which creates the suds when you're brushing your teeth, a humectant such as glycerol for mositure retention (to prevent the toothpaste from drying out), a thickener to obtain and maintain the desired texture of the toothpaste, and of course flavouring and an artificial sweetener to create the mint or or even bubble-gum taste of toothpastes. Whatever toothpaste you choose, our Calgary dentist always follows the recommendation of the Canadian Dental Association and advises that, overall, the most important element to look for in a toothpaste is flouride.
The increase in the use of fluoride, a natural occurring mineral, has been credited with dramatically reducing the incidence of tooth decay in the last 50 years ( https://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/weighing-your-toothpaste-options#1). Fluoride does this in two ways: first, it helps protect your teeth from the acid that is released from bacterial activity in your mouth by making your enamel stronger and therefore less likely to suffer damage from these acids, and secondly, it actually helps to repair early damage to your tooth enamel by remineralizing your enamel.
If you live in an area where the water is fluoridated, it is still recommended that you brush with a fluoride containing toothpaste as studies have shown that brushing with fluoride increases the concentration of fluoride in your teeth.
Overall, our Calgary dentist strongly recommends the use of a fluoridated toothpaste twice per day for all adults and children over 3 years of age. For children under 3 years of age, the use of toothpaste with fluoride should be first discussed with your dentist or dental hygienist to determine if the benefits outweigh any associated risks, such as dental fluorosis (white specks on teeth), of using fluoride for young children. And of course, in addition to regular brushing with a toothpaste with fluoride, regular dental and dental hygiene visits are essential to ensuring that you can enjoy optimal oral health for a lifetime. If you have any questions regarding your oral health, please call our dental office at 403.283.4252 and our friendly and helpful dental team will be happy to answer any questions you may have. Let's make your smile last a lifetime!
Generally, teeth cleaning, or scaling, is charged by the unit. Each dental scaling unit is comprised of 15 minutes or portions between 8 and 15 minutes. Often your dental hygiene visit will also include a recall examination (where the dentist has already seen you at least once before) or a new patient dental examination (when you have not been to that particular dental office in the past), fluoride, polish and x-rays, where necessary. If you have recent x-rays from another dental office, you may wish to have those transferred to your current dental office.
The number of units of scaling that you may require will depend upon a variety of factors, the most important of which is your overall dental health. If you have been attending the dentist for regular dental cleanings at regular intervals, then less units of scaling will likely be required. As a general rule of thumb only, a patient who has been attending for regular dental cleanings and dental examinations can expect to have between 2 and 4 units of scaling at a dental hygiene visit. Of course, this is subject to change depending upon other factors, including other dental health issues.
Our Calgary dentist office is often asked, "When should I first bring my child to see a dentist?".
The Canadian Dental Association recommends that your child be seen by a dentist within six months of the eruption of their first tooth or by one year of age, whichever is earlier. Our Calgary dental office is pleased to offer a "well-baby teeth check-up", where our Calgary dentist, Dr. Dirk Thompson, can check for possible early teeth issues and provide instruction on oral healthcare for babies and toddlers.
For babies and infants, we encourage parents and caregivers to be aware of issues such as baby bottle decay and early childhood caries, which can potentially have lifelong implications on your child's oral health well-being. We also encourage parents and caregivers to establish healthy oral habits right from birth, including wiping your baby's gums with a soft, clean gauze pad to remove plaque which can affect erupting teeth. Other issues that may arise with infants and toddlers are dental emergencies such as knocked out teeth from accidents, as well as tooth sealants and thumb sucking.
As with all of our patients, we work very hard to try to make your child's first and subsequent visits to our office as comfortable and stress-free as possible. We welcome and encourage parents to stay with their child for their entire dental visit. We also focus on all aspects of preventative care including using dental sealants, where appropriate, and educating your child about the importance of oral healthcare. We also have an awesome toy box for your child to choose from at the end of each of their dental visits.
It would be our privilege to be your partner in your child's dental health. Call our Calgary dental office today to book your child's dental appointment.
Teeth sensitivity can be caused by a variety of reasons. Most often, teeth sensitivity is noticed when eating cold foods such as ice cream or hot foods such as coffee. Some people also notice that their teeth are sensitive when brushing or flossing. This sensitivity may be caused by:
All of these factors may contribute to teeth sensitivity as they can result in the wearing of the protective layers of the teeth, the enamel and cementum layers, thereby exposing the dentin, which is less dense than enamel and cementum. When the protective layers of your tooth are worn away, hot, cold, and other sentivity causing foods can irritate the exposed nerves and cause hypersensitivity and even pain.
The good news is that teeth sensitivity is a treatable symptom. Sometimes toothpastes specifically formulated to address teeth sensitivity issues can help alleviate this painful irritation, at least temporarily. It is always prudent, however, to visit your dentist to determine the cause of the teeth sensitivity, as there may be a larger issue that requires further treatment, including root canals, fillings and crowns.
If you are suffering from sensitive teeth, there are steps that can be taken to alleviate this uncomfortable symptom. Please call our Calgary dental office at 403.283.4252 to book your appointment with our Calgary dentist, Dr. Dirk Thompson, today.
Dental insurance plans vary widely amongst dental insurance providers and the amount of dental insurance coverage available to a patient varies widely amongst the myriad of plans underwritten by dental insurance companies. Most dental insurance plans will only cover a percentage of the total cost of each dental procedure, and the percentage often varies depending upon the type of procedure. Many plans cover a higher percentage (often at the rate of 80%) for basic dental treatment such as dental hygiene cleanings, check-ups, fillings and tooth extractions and a lower percentage (such as 50%) for major dental treatment such as dental crowns and bridges. For procedures such as dental implants and cosmetic dentistry, including such dental treatments as veneers and whitening, it is not uncommon for dental insurance plans to not cover these procedures at all. However, this does vary amongst dental plans and dental insurance providers.
In addition to limiting payment of dental insurance claims to a certain percentage of the cost of the dental treatment, many dental insurance plans also have maximum annual limits of what the dental insurer will pay. Some dental plans also limit the amount of certain procedures per year, such as scaling (dental cleanings), which are usually limited to a certain number of units per calendar year (for example, 12 units per calendar year).
If you have two dental insurance plans (often referred to as "dual insurance"), then your primary insurance company will pay its portion of your dental treatment first, after which the secondary dental insurance will pay all or part of the balance, depending upon the policy of the dental insurer and your dental insurance plan.
It is responsibility of the patient to pay the patient balance owing after payment by the dental insurance company(ies).
To ensure that our patients are fully informed of the cost of their dental treatment, including their our-of-pocket expenses, we are always more than happy to request a pre-determination from the insurance company. A pre-determination is a statement from the insurer advising what portions of the proposed dental treatment will be paid by the insurer. We are also pleased to provide our patients with written estimates and, where possible, treatment options, to allow you to make an informed choice regarding your dental treatment.
If you have any questions about what treatment procedures your dental insurance covers, or if you have any questions about your dental insurance generally, please call our Calgary dentist and our friendly and knowledgeable team members would be happy to answer your questions and provide any assistance necessary to help you understand your dental insurance coverage. Call us today at 403.283.4252!
Many dental issues can constitute a dental emergency, including toothaches, throbbing tooth pain, any type of facial or gum swelling, a broken, cracked or knocked out tooth, lost crown, pain when biting or chewing and infection. If you suspect you are experiencing a dental emergency, please call our office immediately as the sooner your emergency is attended to, often the more positive the outcome.
The treatment for a dental emergency varies depending upon the nature of the dental emergency. Your dental emergency may be treated with an antibiotic, filling or temporary filling, crown, root canal, or, in the worst case scenario, a tooth extraction. Our Calgary dental office may be able to offer you sedation dentistry if prior arrangements have been made for proper preparation for a sedation dentistry appointment. In our office, all dental emergencies are attended to as quickly as possible and are given our undivided attention. After your emergency treatment, you will be provided with Dr. Dirk Thompson's after hours phone number so that you may reach him if you have any questions or concerns at all, even after our office is closed for the day.
If you are experiencing uncontrolled bleeding, a blow to the jaw which you suspect may have fractured your jaw, a facial fracture, or any severe swelling, we recommend that you call 811 and go to the emergency department at your nearest hospital.
The cost of having dental work varies widely depending upon the current state of your oral health, whether you wish to have any cosmetic dentistry procedures, and your choice of the dental treatment options presented to you.
At our Calgary dentist office, we recognize that the cost of dental treatment can be an important factor in determining which treatment that you choose. With this in mind, we will provide you with as many options as possible, while at the same time providing you with as much information as possible related to both the short-term and long-term benefits of each treatment option so that you may make a fully informed decision regarding your dental work.
Our Calgary dentist can also pre-determine your dental work with your insurance company so you are aware of your out-of-pocket costs prior to proceeding with treatment, particularly for major dental work such as crowns, veneers, dental implants, bridges and multiple restorations. It is important that you are aware of all of the terms and conditions of your insurance plan as many dental insurance plans have yearly maximums, and coverage can vary depending upon the type of treatment procedure you require, particularly treatments for cosmetic dentistry. If you have any questions about your dental insurance plan, call our Calgary dental office today and we will do our best to help you understand your dental insurance benefits.
Dr. Dirk Thompson is a general dentist. Specialists are dentists with additional training and qualifications which are recognized as specialties by the ADA&C.
At times, your dental concerns may warrant a visit to a specialist's office, such as a periodontist (a specialist in issues related to the gums), an oral surgeon, an endodontist (a specialist in root canal therapy), a pediatric dentist or an orthodontist. These specialists have extra training and are certified by the ADA&C in their fields of speciality.
Patients are referred to specialists for complex dental issues, particularly for treatment involving complicated root canals or oral surgery, or where specialized equipment is required to address dental concerns such as specialized microscopes. If it is necessary to refer you to a dental specialist, we can make a recommendation for you or you may see the specialist of your choice.
Dental insurance coverage varies widely between dental insurers and dental insurance plans. It is therefore not possible to determine what your dental insurance will cover and what your our-of-pocket costs for your dental treatment will be without carefully examining your insurance plan.
At our Calgary dentist office, although dental insurance plans can be confusing to understand, we always encourage our patients to review their dental insurance plans carefully so they are fully apprised of what their dental insurance coverage consists of. Patients should be aware and look for whether they have coverage for a particular dental treatment, particularly dental implants, sedation dentistry and cosmetic dentistry, what their yearly maximum dental limits are, and at what percentage rate their insurance covers. We are always happy to assist with this process and can also pre-determine your dental insurance coverage so that you will have an exact calculation of what your dental treatment will cost prior to proceeding with your dental treatment in Calgary, including dental cleanings, fillings, x-rays, crowns, veneers, dental implants, cosmetic dentistry, sedation dentistry and bridges.